Favignana island is essentially flat, crossed the center by a small training hill. The exploitation of deposits of limestone dates back to ancient times.
The period of maximum growth is between 1700 and 1950, thanks to the work of the Florio family, who began the materials in the creation of works which the palace of Favignana Florio and Villa Igea in Palermo.
Because of its hardness and compactness, but at the same time for its flexibility in being modeled, the limestone of Favignana was the foundation of countless buildings in Sicily.
Before the advent of the Borboni, who introduced in Sicily control over state-owned coastal zones, each quarryman chose his piece of coast where dig his quarry, thus being an entrepreneur and artisan together, deciding for themselves how they work and who sell the product .
The extraction of limestone employ a large number of masons, some of whom worked in open quarries, others in light of the acetylene in coves which winds for hundreds of meters into the earth's core.
It was a large group of workers so that the Holy Crucifix, their patron, became the saint of the island. It was thanks to their work that it was formed the environment that characterizes today the island of Favignana, the joint effort, the relationship between "pirriaturi (limestone quarry workers) and the limestone, which is transformed and becomes houses, palaces, walls and monuments.
The Stone of Favignana is now experiencing a second youth thanks to the attention that is paid by various Superintendents during the recovery of the huge archaeological and residential buildings that exist on the territory.
Buildings are witnessing the return of using this material in typical way, the so called "face-to-view ", a "green way" to build houses, so to ban as far as possible cement, plaster, industrial materials, and to leave more space for nature and less space to "chemistry".
Hotel delle Cave is one of the greatest examples of ancient buildings, restructured so to take an elegant way to renovate because of lowering itself perfectly into the surrounding arid landscape and deep green gardens. A nature that is there and is not seen, hidden among the tall walls of the cave.
The quarries are now seen as places to visit and to show to the visitors in search of "environment" means both the ancient quarries, with their grandiose suggestions that the modern ones with the huge stage area, the coves derived by patience and engineering capabilities of the old "pirriaturi", quarries garden with plants and herbs of this island as their capers, pomegranates, figs and oregano.
The work of the ancient quarry is exemplified by the presence of a small collection of work tools for mining and processing the stone of Favignana. The past and the future of Favignana continue to be binded with what has been one of its main resources.